Transylvania University - Museum - Contents

Transylvania University
Museum of Medical and
Scientific Apparatus - Online

Balance Chem-8 (01-01)
     This balance, from Sargent & Company in Chicago (155 East Superior St.), is obviously a newer instrument than others in the museum. Probably used in the mid 20th century, its actual date of construction is uncertain.

Wax Model of the Interior of a Female Chest (01-03)
     This is a wax model of the abdominal cavity of a human. The presence of ovaries shows that this model is of a female. Small labels, written in French, name the various organs, such as the colon and the kidneys.

Skull Half and Wax Model Ear (01-06)
- The three-dimensional wax model of the outer ear measures 6" by 4".
- This section of a human skull appears to be made of real bone, with wax blood vessels attached to show the path of the circulatory system.

Detail of the Complete Human Anatomy (01-07)
     This is a detail from a chart depicting the anatomy of a human male. The chart, over four feet in height and two feet in width, currently hangs in a large wooden frame. Various parts of the body are numbered, although no descriptions are found on the chart.

Wax Heart, Wax Brain, Wax Skull and Real Skull Top (No #, No #, No #, Figure 137)
- Model of human heart, approximately 7" long. This model is hollow, but cannot be opened.
- Cross section of human skull with cerebrum and thalmus exposed. Used for teaching gross anatomy.
- Cross section of human skull showing the brain cavity.
- Half (top) of a numan skull.

2 Inner Ear Models, Baby Skull and Skull Top (01-09)
- The models of the inner ear stand about 5" tall, are are extraordinarily rich in detail.
- This is another incomplete skull, this time of a child. Note the gap where the bones have not yet fused together, often called the "soft spot".
- Half of human skull.

Plaster Model of Siamese Twin, Wax Vertabrae and Wax Kidney (01-10)
- This is a plaster model of Siamese twins. The legs have been lost. Whether this model is based on an actual Siamese birth or is merely a theoretical teaching model is unknown.
- Wax Vertabrae measures 13" in length.
- Wax Kidneys measure 6" each.

Full Foetal Skeleton (possibly small child) (01-11)
     Skeleton of a small child. Is this skeleton real or a model? If it is real, then some of the tissues were preserved. Note the diaphram, ears, eyes, etc. The skelton is about 2'4" long.

Two Small Human Figures (01-12)
     These two small human figures (male) are merely 10" in height. Made of plaster, both show some damage due to the passage of time. Both figures depict the human muscular system.

Paper Mache Model of an Eye and Plaster Cast of a Skull (Figures 140 and 139)
     Skull was used for teaching gross anatomy.

Needle with Accessories (01-14)
     This double-barrelled steel needle is exactly one foot long. Each needle itself is nearly 4" in length. The use of this medical instrument is unknown.

Various Birds - 1st Grouping (01-15)
     From left to right:

OrderFamilyGenus and SpeciesCommon Name
ColumbaeColumbidaeEctopistis MigratariusPassenger Pigeon
PasseresIctoridaeSturnella Magna MagnaMeadow Lark
ColumbaeColumbidaeEctopistis MigratariusPassenger Pigeon
ColumbaeColumbidaeEctopistis MigratariusPassenger Pigeon

Improved Stomach Pump (Figure 189)
     N. C. Bairobino, M. D. U.S.N. This legend is engraved on the brass barrell of this instrument. It includes 3 hoses of various length.

An Example of An Engine and An Early Telegraph Receiving Key (Figures 118 and 120)
- The engine measures 4" by 11" by 10".

Hand-Blown Glassware - 1st Grouping (Figure 119)
     13 pieces of assorted hand-blown glassware, including beakers, jars and a colinder marked in centimeters (0-100) with a spicket at the 22 cm level.

Unknown (no guess) (01-20)
     This unknown apparartus is 17" high and consists of a vertical brass rod which is split by a circular area containing a double hook mass of wire. Screws on the base allow the user to adjust the level of the base.

Eagle (01-21)
     An American Bald Eagle with a wingspan of approximately 4'8".

Various Birds - 2nd Grouping (01-22)
     From left to right:

OrderFamilyGenus and SpeciesCommon Name
PygopodeColumbidaePodily Mbus PodicepsPied-billed Grebe
PasseresCorvidaeCorus Bracky SynchosCrow
RaptoresStrigidaeOtus Asio AsioScreech Owl
PiciPicidaeMelanerpes CrythrocephalusRed-headed Woodpecker
PiciPicidaeSphyrapicus Varius VariusYellow-Bellied Sapsucker

An Owl and A Kiwi Bird (01-23)
     No Description.

Different Examples of Microscopes (01-24)

     Includes: (In no particular order)

Unknown (possible magnet) (02-02)
     Resting on a wooden tripod with supporting center leg, this unknown apparatus is possibly some sort of magnetic or electrical field generator, induced by the layer of red wires encompassing the hollow metal sphere suspended on the stand. This sphere also has the letters 'N' and 'S' written on opposite sides. Four glass rods (5" long, 1" in diameter) descend on each of four corners of the wooden platform. The metal sphere can be spun on a horizontal axis.

Unknown (no guess) (02-03)
     Unknown apparatus 7" tall. The inner brass circle spins freely on a vertical axis.

Electroscope (02-04)
     Standard Scientific Co. N.Y. 9" tall.

Unknown (no guess) (02-05)
     2.25" by 1" by 2.5" This unknown apparatus is made of wood, the use is unknown. There are 2 separate spinning systems, one vertical and one horizontal. The horizontal system spins a raised metal disc 9.5" in diameter.

Unknown (no guess) (02-07)
     No Description.

Great Blue Whale Mandibles, Lower Jaws (02-08)
     The mandibles measure approximately 10'3" from tip to tip, not accounting for curvature.

Early Retort (02-10)
     Used for distillation. The smaller distort measures 5" in height, while the larger is 14" high and has a 15" beak.

Hero's Engine (02-11)
     This example of a steam engine stands 6.5" tall and spins on a vertical axis. It was made in Germany.

Thermometer and Chemical Scale of Equivalents (02-12)
- E.M. Clarke, London. Celsius (-50 to 50)
- 1'7" long. Instructions by Lewis C. Beck and Joseph Henry. Albany, September 1827.

Hand-Blown Glassware - 2nd Grouping (02-13)
     Late 19th century. At the back of the table are gas bottles.

Rifle (02-14)
     Over 4 feet long.

Cabinet Full of Glassware (04-29)
     No Description.

Another Example of an Early Vacuum Pump (02-16)
     No Description.

Unknown (possible vacuum pump) (02-18)
     Approxiamtely 30".

Sparkling Columns and Flyer (02-19)
     These two devices show the passage of an electrical charge. The charge jumps between the gaps between the pieces of foil making up the spirals within the column and the discharge of the current causes the pinwheel flyer to turn. They were used in conjunction with the static electricity machines.

Brass Leyden Jar (02-20)
     A condensor which could be charged with a static electric generator.

Static Electric Spheres (02-21)
     Storage spheres for static electricity demonstration. When charged (using a static electricity generator) sparks would jump from sphere to sphere.

2 Unknowns (possible barometer and magnet) (03-02)
- The possible barometer stands a little over 20". It has an engraving reading:

     Manufactured by Ziegler Elec. Co.
     Boston, Mass, U.S.A.
- The possible magnet stands about 9.5". The two coils rotate freely around the columns they rest on, the center piece rotates and moves freely up and down. This piece is also missing a leg.

Lenses (03-03)
- The two identical lenses are 4" in diameter.
- The small mirror is 2" in diameter.
- The big lens in about 4.5" in diameter.
- The jar stands 6.75" tall and has a liquid, possibly water, inside.

Apparatus to show Newton's Rings (03-05)
- The smaller case contains 12 slides with 4 circular glass areas, each measures 3.5" in length. Only one of the slides is labelled and it reads "Mulberry".
- The larger upright case contains 6 slides with 1 circular glass area, each measures 4" in length. Several of these are labelled: Calci Spar, Topaz, Quartz, Nitre, Borax, Arragonite.
- The box with a lid contains 29 green glass slides that have French hand-writing on them, as well as 6 other slides. The lid of the box has a piece of paper in it which appears to contain a listing of the slides in French. In the bottom is a label which reads as follows:

                   McALLISTER & CO.
           48 Walnut Street, Philadelphia,
          Have constantly for sale Cases of
               Mathematical Instruments
              For ----- wholesale Reatil
     Also dividers, -----, scales, parallel -----
       Ivo----, -----, etc. seperate from -----.

Gas Burner for Use with Oxygen (04-31)
     This apparatus measrues 7.5" tall and the glass reads:


Thermometers (03-07)
- The larger thermometer measures 19", reads from -15 to 125 degrees Farenheit, and contains mercury although it no longer works.
- The smaller measures 11.5". The left side is labelled "Cold" and reads from 60 at the top through 0 and down to 110. Thr right side is labelled "Heat" and reads from 120 at the top through 0 and down to 60. The center reads: "J. Hicks 8 9 & 10 Hutton Garden LONDON ENG".

Unknown (no guess) (03-08)
     This apparatus, measuring 13.5" by 21", has two horizontal rods that can be moved in and out and rotated in place. The base of the apparatus has a drawer.

Other Examples of Glass Piercers (04-30)
     No Description.

Example of Planetary Paths (03-10)
     A model to illustrate Kepler's First and Second Laws of planetary motion, measures 10' by 12'.

Electrophorus and Unknown (03-11)
- A means of producing considerable quantities of electricity. It consists of a cake of resin, which "upon being briskly flapped with a catskin becomes charged with negative electricity." The cover becomes positively charged. Invented by Volta.
- The teardrop shaped glass measures 10.25" tall.
- The glass surreounded by metal rods measures 8.25" tall.
- The other piece of glassware stands 8.25" and reads from 0 to 58 cubic inches.

Induction Machine (03-12)
     Each wheel of this apparatus has two inner layers and two outer layers. The two outer layers spin together. The inner layers can be spun seperately, but each has a small blocker on the edge. These blockers can collide if the layers are spun far enough, causing them to stop spinning. Each wheel has 8 sets of "teeth" scrapping the outer layers possibly for conducting electricity.

White-Tailed Deer (03-13)
     This deer stands about 4.5' tall.

Spark Chamber (03-14)
     Stands 14" tall.

Unknown (brass stand) (03-15)
     Stands about 12" tall. The platform can be unscrewed from the supporting glass column.

Unknown (possible thunder house) (03-16)
     Stands 12.5" tall. The tin roof can be removed, and the wall is hinged allowing a jug to fall out.

3 Unknowns (possible generator) (03-17)
- The possible generator is rich with what appears to be battery acid. The crank of the device is busted off and the gears are either rusted in place or the acid-type substance has completely clogged the interior. The entire piece measures about 7.5" across.
- The glass pump-type device is 14" tall when compressed, and is made if glass and wood.
- Unknown

Unknown (possible compasses) (03-18)
     Each of these apparatus, one standing 19" tall and the other 12.5", is labelled from 0 to 90 to 0 to 90 and back to the original 0 around the outer edge of the circle. The vertical piece of circular wood is wrapped with wire. The base of each has what appears to be electrodes. One theory is that the devices measure electrical currents.

An Early Compass (03-19)
     Measures 6.5" in diameter. The directions are labelled around the outer edge inside, that is N, S, E, W, etc.

Dulcimer (03-20)
     The dulcimer is about 3'3" long and 1'3.5" deep. The piece of wood behind the strings has two heart shaped holes through it. The strings are labelled in standard format.

Silhouette Projectors (03-22)
     Silhouettes cut from paper for projection on a screen by limelight. A total of 8, each measuring about 8.25" by 2".

Elk Skull and Antlers and Buffalo Horn (04-32)
     Each set of antlers is about 3' tall and 3' wide. The horn runs 34" from bottom to tip, accounting for curvature.

Hairball from the Stomach of a Buffalo (03-24)

"Books" of Pathological Anatomy - 1st grouping (04-01)
     From left to right: #3- Enterite Tiphoide page , #44 Enterite Tiphoide page --, Missing Label.

"Books" of Pathological Anatomy - 2nd grouping (04-02)
     From left to right: Missing Label, #10 Peritonite Intestinale page 86.

"Books" of Pathological Anatomy - 3rd grouping (04-03)
     From left to right: #15 Enterite Tiphoide page 102, #55 Gastro Enterite Tiphoide page .

"Books" of Pathological Anatomy - 4th grouping (04-04)
     From left to right: Missing Label, Missing Label.

"Books" of Pathological Anatomy - 5th grouping (04-05)
     From left to right: Hypertro* Conc* *, Missing Label, *olite *ni*.

Apothecary Cabinet (04- 06)
     An apothecary cabinet which belonged to Thomas W. Tuggle, M.D. contains many of his personal belongings including the following:

  1. Various Jars of powders
  2. 2 microscope lenses: 1.8mm and 1.9mm
  3. A clamp device which appears to be for the extraction or implantation of something
  4. 7 bullets in a round container, probably civil war bullets
  5. Wooden box with lid
  6. Case of percussion caps
  7. The New Testament
  8. Pair broken Glasses
  9. 3 pairs of unbroken glasses
  10. Black Wallet
    1. Malka Water
      Long Island City, N.Y.
      Phone Stillwell 2720
  11. Tan Wallet
    1. Made in England
  12. Maroon Wallet
    1. 2 Business Cards
      T.W. Tuggle, M.D.
      823 Broad Street - Columbus, Georgia
      Fancier and Breeder of Pigeons
      High Class Fancy Pigeons
      Selected from lots of the best and most Reliable Breeders
      Twelve Varieties Shown at the Atlanta Pultry and PetStock Exhibition, January 1887,
      winning nine Premiums, 5 1st   4 2d.
    2. Driver's License
      State of New York - Bureau of Motor Vehicles
      Operator's License
      For Year 1927-28
      Includes physical characteristics and personal of Dr. Tuggle:
      1. Born: Apr. 22d, 1861
      2. White Male, 180 lbs., 6 ft, Blue Eyes, Grey Hair
    3. National Poultry and Bench Association Exhibitor's Ticket
    4. Letter of Agreement for the Rental of a House
    5. Descriptions of Volts, Amperes and Watts, using a Metaphor
    6. An unsigned check for $650.60
    7. Letter of Agreement for the Lease of Property
    8. Hand Sketch of a House
    9. Police Department Traffic Warning Card, including a picture of Dr. Tuggle. (By the way he didn't have any warnings.)
    10. 2 Black and white pictures of a soldier
    11. A last will and testament for which Dr. Tuggle was a signed witness
    12. 3 cards for the order of prescription drugs

Human Skull (04-07)
     No Description.

Stomachs in Wax (2 examples) (04-08)
     Modelled and published by J. Miller   London

Stomach in Wax (04-09)
     Modelled and published by J. Miller   London

"Books" of Pathological Anatomy - 6th grouping (04-10)
     #56 Entero Mesenterite Tiphoide page (Typhoid Enteritus of colon).

"Books" of Pathological Anatomy - 7th grouping (04-11)
     From left to right: Missing Label, #29 Enterite Tiphoide page (Typhoid Fever Lesions of the Large Intestines)

Unknown (possible model of the uterus) (04-12)
     About 10" wide.

"Books" of Pathological Anatomy - 8th grouping (04-13)
     From left to right: #33 Colite Chronique page, #32 Recto* page --

Baush and Lomb Microscope (04-14)
     About 12.5" tall with a 1.75" diameter mirror.

Medicinal Plants - 1st grouping (04-15)
     From left to right: Cephaelis Ipecacuanha, Winteania Canella, Papaver Somni Ferum.

"Books" of Pathological Anatomy - 9th grouping (04-16)
     Missing Label

Thermocouple (04-18)
     No Description.

Various Medical Instruments - 1st grouping (04-20)
     No Description.

Various Medical Instruments - 2nd grouping (04-21)
     Urine Sugar Test Case by Eli Lilly Company - Indianapolis, USA (back center), Cartridge-Type Syringe (back right), Needle for Tonsil Use.

Various Medical Instruments - 3rd grouping (04-22)
     Needles, clamps, etc.

Clamps used for Chemical Experiments (04-23)
     No Description.

Mortar and Examples of Pestels (04-24)
     No Description.

Unknown (no guess) (04-25)
     No Description.

Model of the Heart and Lungs (04-26)
     No Description.

Model of a Baby (04-27)
     No Description.

Unknown (labelled "Lightning") (04-28)
     ALOE Co., St. Louis Missouri. Donated by Clyde C Arnold, 1950 Graduate of Transylvania University.

Unknown (possible microscope) (04-34)
     No Description.

Eye Tester (04-35)
     No Description.

Static Electricity Generator (04-36)
     No Description.

Bleeder (05-01)
     Belonged to Dr. Christopher Columbus Graham of the early Transylvania Medical School. Donated, Summer '96, by Mr. and Mrs. Conley Wilkerson.

Discharger Platform (05-04)
     No Description.

Harden's Hand Grenade (05-05)
     No Description.

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